9. James Webb Space Telescope
The James Webb Space Telescope is expected to be launched in 2020, and it is all set to replace the Hubble Space Telescope with a much more innovative, tech savvy and durable design. The James Webb Space Telescope will be placed at a distance of 1.5 million kilometers away from Earth, giving it a dynamic depth of view to capture space and spatial beings as compared to Hubble, which was only 570 kilometers away from Earth.
The James Webb Space Telescope is armed with ultra-advanced optics and a powerful infrared telescope that is a modern solution for a deep view to discover new galaxies. NASA intends to use this dynamic device to examine the movements and formations of stars and galaxies. The spectrograph is a powerful feature of the James Webb Space Telescope, as it will provide greater insight by identifying the physical characteristics of spatial objects.
Reports reveal that the James Webb Space Telescope is said to the most important and expensive project in the history of space sciences, and it has cost more than $500 million. It is a significant development for the search of new planets outside our solar system, but moreover, it is vital in order to comprehend the characteristics of our universe, for instance, the distance between spatial objects, distances between planets and their moon, planet mass and a lot more.
Astronauts and space explorers have discovered thousands of exoplanets, which has fuelled the inquiries surrounding their existence. Space sciences are flooded with questions on how these exoplanets came into being and how their life is sustained across the solar systems.
ARIEL, which stands for Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Infrared Exoplanet Large-Survey, is an initiative by ESA that is scheduled for launch in 2028 as an attempt to answer these questions surrounding the origins and operations of exoplanets.
This space mission will be dedicated to examining hot and cold planets, and studying their stars, atmospheres and compositions. The researchers will attempt to identify identical patterns that might answer the questions on the birth and evolution of planetary systems and their atmospheres.